Bibliographia. Annotated bibliographies by Raul Corazzon | e-mail:

Selected Bibliography on the Synoptic Problem


  1. Abakuks, Andris. 2015. The Synoptic Problem and Statistics. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press.

  2. Adamczewski, Bartosz. 2010. Q or not Q? The So-called Triple, Double, and Single traditions in the Synoptic Gospels. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

  3. Aland, Kurt, ed. 1996. Synopsis of the Four Gospels. Greek-English Edition of the Synopsis quattuor evangeliorum. Stuttgart: United Bible Societies.
    First edition 1972; 2nd completeley revised edition 1975; 6th completeley revised edition 1983; 8th corected edition 1987.

  4. Arrigoni, Ermanno. 2016. Il pensieor di Gesù secondo la fonte Q. Ariccia (RM): Aracne.

  5. Asgeirsson, Jon Ma, De Troyer, Kristin, and Meyer, Marvin W., eds. 2000. From Quest to Q: Festschrift James M. Robinson. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

  6. Babut, Jean-Marc. 2007. Á la découverte de la Source. Mots et thèmes de la double tradition évangélique. Paris: Cerf.

  7. Barr, Allan. 1995. A Diagram of Synoptic Relationships: In Four Colors. Edinburgh: T & T Clark.
    Second Edition with a New Introduction by James Barr.

    First edition 1938.

  8. Becker, Eve-Marie, and ERunesson, Anders, eds. 2011. Mark and Matthew I. Comparative Readings: Understanding the Earliest Gospels in their First-Century Settings. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

  9. Belle, Gilbert van, ed. 1988. Johannine Bibliography, 1966-1985: A Cumulative Bibliography on the Fourth Gospel. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

  10. Bellinzoni Jr., Arthur J., ed. 1985. The Two-Source Hypothesis: A Critical Appraisal. Macon: Mercer University Press.

  11. Benoit, Pierre, and Boismard, Marie-Émile, eds. 1977. Synopse des quatre Evangiles en français, avec parallèles des Apocryphes et des Pères. Paris: Éditions du Cerf.
    Vol. 1: Textes, par M.-E. Boismard et A. Lamouille et augmenté d'une concordance; Vol. 2: Commentaire, par M.-E. Boismard ; avec la collaboration de A. Lamouille et P. Sandevoir ; préface de P. Benoit; Vol. 3: L' Evangile de Jean, commentaire par M.-E. Boismard et A. Lamouille ; avec la collaboration de G. Rochais.

  12. Black, David Alan, and Beck, David R., eds. 2001. Rethinking the Synoptic Problem. Grand Rapids (MI): Baker Academic.

  13. Brooks, Stephenson. 1987. Matthew’s Community: The Evidence of His Special Sayings Material. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.
    Reprinted New York: Bloomsbury 2015.

  14. Bultmann, Rudolf. 1963. The History of the Synoptic Tradition. New York: Harper & Row.
    Revised edition 1968.

    Translation by John Marsh of Die Geschichte der synoptischen Tradition, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1921 (second revised edition 1931; fourth edition 1958 with a Supplement by Gerd Theissen).

  15. Burkett, Delbert. 2004. Rethinking the Gospel Sources: From Proto-Mark to Mark. London: T & T Clark.

  16. ———. 2009. Rethinking the Gospel Sources. Volume 2: The Unity and Plurality of Q. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature.

  17. Butler, B. C. 1951. The Originality of St Matthew: A Critique of the Two-Document Hypothesis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Reprinted 2011.

  18. Carmignac, Jean. 1984. La naissance des évangiles synoptiques. Paris: François-Xavier de Guibert.
    English translation: The Birth of the Synoptic Gospels, Chicago:Franciscan Herald Press 1986.

  19. Casey, Maurice. 2002. An Aramaic Approach to Q. Sources for the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  20. Catchpole, David. 1993. The Quest for Q. Edinburgh: T & T Clark.
    Reprint New York: Bloomsbury 2015.

  21. Crook, Zeba A. 2011. Parallel Gospels: A Synopsis of Early Christian Writing. New York: Oxford University Press.

  22. Damm, Alex. 2013. Ancient Rhetoric and the Synoptic Problem. Clarifying Markan Priority. Leuven: Peeters.

  23. Derico, T. M. 2016. Oral Tradition and Synoptic Verbal Agreement

    Eugene (OR): Pickwick Publications.

  24. Derrenbacker Jr., Robert A. 2005. Ancient Compositional Practices and the Synoptic Problem. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

  25. Derrenbacker Jr., Robert A., and Kloppenborg, John S. 2001. "Self-Contradiction in the IQP? A Reply to Michael Goulder." Journal of Biblical Literature:57-76.
    IQP = International Q Project.

  26. Dungan, David L., ed. 1990. The Interrelations of the Gospels. A Symposium Led by M.-É. Boismard, W. R. Farmer, F. Neirynck, Jerusalem 1984. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

  27. ———. 1999. A History of the Synoptic Problem. The Canon, the Text, the Composition and the Interpretation of the Gospels. New York: Doubleday.

  28. Dunn, James D. G. 2013. The Oral Gospel Tradition. Grand Rapids (MI): Eerdmans.

  29. Edwards, James R. 2009. The Hebrew Gospel and the Development of the Synoptic Tradition. Grand Rapids (MI): Eerdmans.

  30. Edwards, Richard Alan. 1975. A Concordance to Q. Missoula: Scholars Press.

  31. ———. 1976. A Theology of Q: Eschatology, Prophecy, and Wisdom. Philadelphia: Fortress Press.

  32. Farmer, William R. 1964. The Synoptic Problem. New Yorl: Macmillan.
    A critical review of the literary relationship between Mathhew, Mark, and Luke.

  33. ———. 1969. Synopticon: The Verbal Agreement between the Greek Texts of Matthew, Mark and Luke Contextually Exhibited. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  34. ———, ed. 1983. New Synoptic Studies: The Cambridge Gospel Conference and Beyond. Macon: Mercer University Press.

  35. ———. 1998. "The Present State Of The Synoptic Problem." In Literary Studies in Luke-Acts: Essays in Honor of Joseph B. Tyson, edited by Thompson, Richard P. and Phillips, Thomas E., 11-36. Macon (GA): Mercer University Press.

  36. Farrer, Austin M. 1955. "On Dispensing with Q." In Studies in the Gospels: Essays in Memory of R. H. Lightfoot, edited by Nineham, Dennis E., 55-88. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    Reprinted in Arthur J. Bellinzoni Jr., Joseph B. Tyson, William O. Walker Jr. (eds.) , The Two-Source Hypothesis. A Critical Appraisal, Macon, (GA): Mercer University Press, 1985, pp. 321-356.

  37. Fleddermann, Harry T. 1995. Mark and Q: A Study of the Overlap Texts. Leuven: Leuven University Press.
    With an assessment by Frans Neirynck.

  38. Focant, Camille. 1993. The Synoptic Gospels. Source Criticism and the New Literary Criticism. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

  39. Foster, P., Gregory, A., Kloppenborg, John S., and Verheyden, Joseph, eds. 2011. New Studies in the Synoptic Problem. Oxford Conference, April 2008: Essays in Honour of Christopher M. Tuckett Leuven: Peeters.

  40. Gaboury, Antonio. 1970. La structure des Évangiles synoptiques. Leiden: Brill.
    La structure-type à l'origine des synoptiques.

  41. Goodacre, Mark S. 1996. Goulder and the Gospels. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.
    An Examination of a New Paradigm.

  42. ———. 2001. The Synoptic Problem. A Way Through the Maze. London: T & T Clark.

  43. ———. 2002. The Case against Q. Studies in Markan Priority and the Synoptic Problem. Harrisburg: Trinity Press International.

  44. ———. 2012. Thomas and the Gospels. The Case for Thomas's Familiarity with the Synoptics. Grand Rapids (MI): Eerdmans.

  45. Goodacre, Mark S., and Perrin, Nicholas, eds. 2004. Questioning Q. A Multidimensional Critique. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press.

  46. Goulder, Michael D. 1978. "On putting Q to the test." New Testament Studies no. 24:218-234.

  47. ———. 2002. "The Derrenbacker-Kloppenborg Defense." Journal of Biblical Literature no. 121:331-336.

  48. Havener, Ivan. 1987. Q, the Sayings of Jesus. With a reconstruction of Q by Athanasius Polag. Wimington (DE): Glazier.

  49. Hawkins, John C. 1909. Horae Synopticae. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Contributions to the Study of the Synoptic Problem.

    Second edition, revised and supplemented. (First edition 1898).

  50. Head, Peter M. 1997. Christology and the Synoptic Problem: An Argument for Markan Priority. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  51. Hoffmann, Paul, Hicke, Thomas, and Bauer, Ulrich, eds. 1999. Synoptic Concordance: A Greek Concordance to the First Three Gospels in Synoptic Arrangement, Statistically Evaluated, Including Occurrences in Acts. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
    Vol. 1. Introduction / Einführung. A[lpha] - D[elta]; Vol. 2. E[psilon] - I[ota]; Vol. 3. K[appa]-O[mikron]; Vol. 4. P[i] - O[mega].

  52. Honoré, A. M. 1968. "A Statistical Study of the Synoptic Problem." Novum Testamentum no. 10:95-147.

  53. Horman, John. 2011. A Common Written Greek Source for Mark & Thomas. Waterloo (On): Canadian Corporation for Studies in Religion.
    "This book uncovers an early collection of sayings, called N, that are ascribed to Jesus and are similar to those found in the Gospel of Thomas and in Q, a document believed to be a common source, with Mark, for Matthew and Luke. In the process, the book sheds light on the literary methods of Mark and Thomas. A literary comparison of the texts of the sayings of Jesus that appear in both Mark and Thomas shows that each adapted an earlier collection for his own purpose. Neither Mark nor Thomas consistently gives the original or earliest form of the shared sayings; hence, Horman states, each used and adapted an earlier source. Close verbal parallels between the versions in Mark and Thomas show that the source was written in Greek. Horman's conclusion is that this common source is N. This proposal is new, and has implications for life of Jesus research. Previous research on sayings attributed to Jesus has treated Thomas in one of two ways: either as an independent stream of Jesus sayings written without knowledge of the New Testament Gospels or as a later piece of pseudo-Scripture that uses the New Testament as source. This book rejects both views."

  54. Horsley, Richard A., ed. 2006. Oral Performance, Popular Tradition, and Hidden Transcript in Q. Leiden: Brill.

  55. Horsley, Richard A., and Draper, Jonathan A. 1999. Whoever Hears You Hears Me: Prophets, Performance and Tradition in Q. Harrisburg: Trinity Press International.

  56. Hultgren, Stephen. 2002. Narrative Elements in the Double Tradition: A Study of Their Place within the Framework of the Gospel Narrative. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

  57. Jacobson, Arland D. 2005. The First Gospel: An Introduction to Q. Eugene (OR): Wipf & Stock.

  58. Jones, Brice C. 2011. Matthean and Lukan Special Material. A Brief Introduction with Texts in Greek and English. Eugene (OR): Wipf & Stock.

  59. Joseph, Simon J. 2012. Jesus, Q, and the Dead Sea Scrolls: A Judaic Approach to Q. Tübingen: Moh Siebeck.

  60. Kelber, Werner H. 1997. The Oral and the Written Gospel. The Hermeneutics of Speaking and Writing in the Synoptic Tradition, Mark, Paul and Q. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Second edition with a new Introduction (first edition Phildelphia: Fortrees Press 1983).

  61. Kirk, Alan. 1998. The Composition of the Sayings Source. Genre, Synchrony and Wisdom Redaction in Q. Leiden: Brill.

  62. ———. 2016. Q in Matthew: Ancient Media, Memory, and Early Scribal Transmission of the Jesus Tradition. New York: Bloomsbury.

  63. Klinghardt, Matthias. 2008. "The Marcionite Gospel and the Synoptic Problem: A New Suggestion." Novum Testamentum no. 50:1-27.

  64. Kloppenborg, John S. 1987. The Formation of Q: Trajectories in Ancient Wisdom Collections. Philadelphia: Fortress Press.

  65. ———. 1988. Q Parallels. Synopsis, Critical Notes & Concordance. Santa Rosa (CA): Polebridge Press.

  66. ———. 1994. The Shape of Q: Signal Essays on the Sayings Gospel Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

  67. ———. 2004. "On Dispensing with Q?: Goodacre on the Relation of Luke to Matthew." New Testament Studies no. 49:210-236.

  68. ———. 2008. Q, the Earliest Gospel. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press.
    An Introduction to the Original Stories and Sayings of Jesus.

  69. ———. 2014. Synoptic Problems. Collected Essays. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

  70. Kloppenborg Verbin, John S. 2000. Excavating Q. The History and Setting of the Sayings Gospel. Minneapolis: Fortess Press.

  71. Knox, Wilfred L. 1953. The Sources of the Synoptic Gospels. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Posthumously edited by Henry Chadwick.

    Vol. 1: St. Mark; Vol. 2: St. Luke and St. Matthew.

  72. Koester, Helmut. 1990. Ancient Christian Gospels: Their History and Development. Philadelphia: Trinity Press International.

  73. Labahn, Michael, and Schmidt, Andreas, eds. 2001. Jesus, Mark, and Q. The Teaching of Jesus and Its Earliest Records. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.

  74. Linnemann, Eta. 1992. Is There a Synoptic Problem? Rethinking the Literary Dependence of the First Three Gospels. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House.
    Translated from the German Gibt es ein synoptisches problem?Nurnberg: VTR 1991, by Robert W. Yarbrough.

  75. Longstaff, Thomas R. W. 1977. Evidence of Conflation in Mark? A Study in the Synoptic Problem. Missoula: Scholars Press for the Society of Biblical Literature.

  76. Longstaff, Thomas Richmond Willis, and Thomas, Page Allison, eds. 1989. The Synoptic Problem. A Bibliography, 1716-1988. Macon: Mercer University Press.

  77. MacDonald, Dennis Ronald. 2012. Two Shipwrecked Gospels: The Logois of Jesus and Papias's Exposition of Logia about the Lord. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature.

  78. MacEwen, Robert K. 2015. Matthean Posteriority: An Exploration of Matthew's Use of Mark and Luke As a Solution to the Synoptic Problem. London: T & T Clark.

  79. Mack, Burton L. 1993. The Lost Gopel: The Book of Q and Christian Origins. New York: HarperSanFrancisco.

  80. McIver, Robert. 2011. Memory, Jesus, and the Synoptic Gospels. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature.

  81. McNicol, Allan J. , Dungan, David L., and Peabody, David B., eds. 1996. Beyond the Q Impasse: Luke’s Use of Matthew. Valley Forge: Trinity Press International.

  82. Meijboom, Hajo Uden. 1993. A History and Critique of the Origin of the Marcan Hypothesis, 1835-1866. A Contemporary Report Rediscovered. Louvain: Peeters.
    Translated and edited by John J. Kiwiet.

  83. Monaghan, Christopher J. 2010. A Source Critical Edition of the Gospels of Matthew and Luke in Greek and English. Roma: Gregorian & Biblical Press.
    Two volumes.

  84. Mournet, Terence. 1969. Oral Tradition and Literary Dependency. Variability and Stability in the Synoptic Tradition and Q. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

  85. Neirynck, Frans, ed. 1974. The Minor Agreements of Matthew and Luke against Mark with a Cumulative List. Leuven: Leuven University Press.
    In collaboration with Theo Hansen and Frans van Segbroeck.

  86. ———, ed. 1979. Jean et les synoptiques: examen critique de l'exégèse de M.-É. Boismard. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

  87. ———. 1988. Q-Synopsis: The Double Tradition Passages in Greek. Leuven: Leuven University Press.
    In the order of Luke.

  88. ———, ed. 1991. The Minor Agreements in a Horizontal-Line Synopsis. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

  89. Neirynck, Frans, Verheyden, J., and Corstjens, R., eds. 1998. The Gospel of Matthew and the Sayings Source Q. A Cumulative Bibliography 1950-1995. Leuven: Leuven University Press.
    Two volumes.

  90. Neirynck, Frans, Verheyden, Jozef, Van Segbroeck, Frans, Van Oyen, G., and Corstjens, Rita, eds. 1992. The Gospel of Mark: A Cumulative Bibliography 1950-1990. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

  91. Neville, David J. 1994. Arguments from Order in Synoptic Source Criticism: A History and Critique. Macon: Mercer University Press.

  92. ———. 2002. Mark’s Gospel -- Prior or Posterior? A Reappraisal of the Phenomenon of Order. London: Sheffield Academic Press.

  93. New, David S. 1993. Old Testament Quotations in the Synoptic Gospels. Atlanta: Scholars Press.

  94. Nickle, Keith F. 2001. The Synoptic Gospels: An Introduction. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press.

  95. Orchard, Bernard, ed. 1982. A Synopsis of the Four Gospels in a New Translation. Arranged according to the Two-Gospel hypothesis and edited by John Berard Orchard. Macon: Merce University Press.

  96. ———, ed. 1983. A Synopsis of the Four Gospels in Greek. Arranged according to the Two-Gospel hypothesis and edited by John Berard Orchard. Edinburgh: T & T Clark.

  97. Orchard, Bernard, and Longstaff, Thomas R. W., eds. 1978. J. J. Griesbach: Synoptic and Text-Critical Studies, 1776-1976. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  98. Orchard, Bernard, and Riley, Harold. 1987. The Order of the Synoptics: Why Three Synoptic Gospels? Macon (GA): Mercer University Press.

  99. Orton, David E., ed. 1999. The Synoptic Problem and Q: Selected Studies from Novum Testamentum. Leiden: Brill.

  100. Peabody, David B., Cope, Lamar, and McNicol, Allan J., eds. 2002. One Gospel From Two: Mark's Use of Matthew and Luke. Harrisburg: Trinity Press International.

  101. Perkins, Pheme. 2007. Introduction to the Synoptic Gospels. Grand Rapids (MI) Eerdmans.

  102. Piper, Roland Allen, ed. 1995. The Gospel Behind the Gospels: Current Studies on Q. Leiden: Brill.

  103. Poirier, John C., and Peterson, Jeffrey, eds. 2015. Marcan Priority Without Q: Explorations in the Farrer Hypothesis. London: T & T Clark.

  104. Porter, Stanley E., and Dyer, Bryan R., eds. 2016. The Synoptic Problem: Four Views. Grand Rapids (MI): Baker Academic.

  105. Powers, B. Ward. 2010. The Progressive Publication of Matthew: An Explanation of the Writing of the Synoptic Gospels. Nashville: B & H Academic.

  106. Reicke, Bo. 1986. The Roots of the Synoptic Gospels. Philadelphia: Fortress Press.

  107. Reid, Duncan Graham. 2016. Miracle Tradition, Rhetoric, and the Synoptic Problem. Leuven: Peeters.

  108. Rist, John M. 1978. On the Independence of Matthew and Mark. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  109. Robbins, C. Michael. 2007. The Testing of Jesus in Q. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

  110. Robinson, James M. 2005. The Sayings Gospel Q. Collected Essays. Leuven: Leuven University Press.
    Edited by Christoph Heil and Joseph Verheyden.

  111. Robinson, James M., Hoffmann, Paul, and Kloppenborg, John S., eds. 2000. The Critical Edition of Q. Leuven: Peeters.
    Synopsis including the Gospels of Mtthew and Luke, Mark and Thomas with English, German, and French Translations of Q and Thomas.

  112. ———, eds. 2001. The Sayings Gospel Q in Greek and English with parallelels from the Gospels of Mark and Thomas Leuven: Peeters.

  113. Robinson, James M., Vaage, Leif, and Daniel, Jon. 1985. Pap. Q. Claremont: Institute for Antiquity and Christianity.

  114. Rodríguez, Rafael. 2013. Oral Tradition and the New Testament. New York: Bloomsbury.

  115. Rolland, Philippe. 1984. Les premiers évangiles : un nouveau regard sur le problème synoptique. Paris: Éditions du Cerf.

  116. Rollston, Christopher A., ed. 2002. The Gospels According to Michael Goulder: A North American Response. Harrisburg: Trinity Press International.

  117. Sanday, William, ed. 1911. Studies in the Synoptic Problem By Members of The University Of Oxford Oxford: Clarendon Press.

  118. Sanders, Ed Parish, ed. 1987. Jesus, the Gospels, and the Church. Essays in the Honor of Willam R. Farmer. Macon: Mercer University Press.
    Contents: David B. Peabody: William Reuben Farmer: A Biographical and Bibliographical Essay; Page A. Thomas: William R. Farmer: Bibliography; Arthur J. Bellinzoni: Extra-Canonical Literature and the Synoptic Problem; Lamar Cope: The Earliest Gospel Was the "Signs Gospel"; John Knox: Marcion's Gospel and the Synoptic Problem; J. B. Orchard: Some Reflections on the Relationship of Luke to Matthew; David B. Peabody: Chapters in History of the Linguistic Argument for Solving the Synoptic Problem: The Nineteenth Century Context; Philip L. Shuler: The Genre of the Gospels and the Two Gospel Hypothesis; Joseph B. Tyson: Scripture, Torah, and Sabbath in Luke-Acts; William O. Walker: "Nazareth": A Clue to Synoptic Relationships?; David Daube: Temple Tax; David L. Dungan: Jesus and Violence; Birger Gerhardsson: Agape and Imitation of Christ; C. F. D. Moule: The Gravamen against Jesus; Pierson Parker: Herod Antipas and the Death of Jesus; Bo Reicke: The Historical Setting of John's Baptism; E. P. Sanders: Jesus and the Kingdom: The Restoration of Israel and the New People of God; Ben F. Meyer: The World Mission and the Emergent Realization of Christian Identity; Wendell Willis: An Irenic View of Christian Origins: Theological Continuity from Jesus to Paul in W. R. Farmer's Writings.

  119. Sanders, Ed Parish, and Davies, Margaret, eds. 1989. Studying the Synoptic Gospels. London: SCM Press.

  120. Sato, Migaku. 1988. Q und Prophetie: Studien zur Gattungs- und Traditionsgeschichte der Quelle Q. Tübingen: J. C. B: Mohr (Paul Siebeck).

  121. Solages, Bruno de. 1973. La composition des évangiles. De Luc et de Matthieu et leurs sources. Leiden: Brill.

  122. Stein, Robert H. 1994. The Synoptic Problem: An Introduction. Grand Rapids (MI): Baker Book House.
    Second revised edition (first edition 1987).

  123. ———. 2001. Studying the Synoptic Gospels: Origin and Interpretation. Grand Rapids (MI): Baker Academic.
    Second revised edition.

  124. Stoldt, Hans-Herbert. 1980. History and Criticism of the Marcan Hypothesis. Macon (GA): Mercer University Press.
    Translated from the German Geschichte und Kritik der Markus-hypothese, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1977, and edited by Donald L. Niewyk; introduction by William R. Farmer.

  125. Strecker, Georg. 1993. Minor Agreements : Symposium Göttingen 1991. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

  126. Streeter, Burnett Hillman. 1924. The Four Gospels. A Study of Origins, Treating of the Manuscript Tradition, Sources, Autorship, and Dates. London: Macmillan.

  127. Strickland, Michael. 2014. The Evangelicals and the Synoptic Problem. Bern: Peter Lang.

  128. Taylor, Vincent. 1933. The Formation of the Gospel Tradition. Eight Lectures. London: Macmillan.

  129. Thomas, Robert L., ed. 2002. Three Views on the Origins of the Synoptic Gospels. Grand Rapids, (MI): Kregel.

  130. Throckmorton Jr., Burton H., ed. 1992. Gospel Parallels: A Comparison of the Synoptic Gospels. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers.

  131. Tiwald, Markus. 2015. Q in Context I: The Separation between the Just and the Unjust in Early Judaism and in the Sayings Source. Göttingen: V & R unipress.

  132. ———. 2015. Q in Context II: Q in Context II: Social Setting and Archaeological Background of the Sayings Source. Göttingen: V & R unipress.

  133. Tuckett, Christopher M. 1979. "The Griesbach hypothesis in the nineteenth century." Journal for the Study of the New Testament no. 3:29-60.
    Reprinted in S. E. Porter, C. A. Evans (eds.), New Testament Interpretation and Methods: a Sheffield Reader, Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997, pp. 15-43.

  134. ———. 1983. The Revival of the Griesbach Hypothesis: An Analysis and Appraisal Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  135. ———, ed. 1984. Synoptic Studies. The Ampleforth Conferences of 1982 and 1983. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.
    Reprint New York: Bloomsbury 2014.

  136. ———. 1986. Nag Hammadi and the Gospel Tradition. Synoptic Tradition in the Nag Hammadi Library. Edinburgh: T & T Clark.

  137. Tuckett, Christopher M. . 1997. Q and the History of Early Christianity. Studies on Q. Peabody (MA): Hendrickson Publishers.

  138. Tuckett, Christopher M. 2014. From the Sayings to the Gospels. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

  139. Uchida, Kazuhiko. 1981. The Study of the Synoptic Problem in the Twentieth Century: A Critical Assessment, Aberdeen University.

  140. Vaganay, Léon. 1954. Le problème synoptique : un hypothèse de travail. Tournai: Desclée.

  141. Valantsis, Richard. 2005. The New Q: A Translation with Commentary. New York: T & T Clark.

  142. Van Segbroeck, Frans, ed. 1989. The Gospel of Luke: A Cumulative Bibliography 1973-1988. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

  143. Vinzent, Markus. 2014. Marcion and the Dating of the Synoptic Gospels. Leuven: Peeters.

  144. Wenham, John William. 1992. Redating Matthew, Mark & Luke: A Fresh Assault on the Synoptic Problem. Downers Grove (IL): InterVarsity Press.

  145. Williams, Matthew C. 2006. Two Gospels from One: A Comprehensive Text-critical Analysis of the Synoptic Gospels. Grand Rapids (MI): Kregel.

  146. Young, Stephen E. 2011. Jesus tradition in the Apostolic Fathers: their explicit appeals to the words of Jesus in light of orality studies. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.